WebDev 02: HTML Document Standards


Document Type Declaration

<!DOCTYPE html>: the declaration specifying the version of HTML for the browser, put it on the first line of code to tell the browser what type of document to expect.

HTML Structure

<!DOCTYPE html>
    content that displayed to the screen.
  • <html></html>: enclose all the HTML code.
  • <head></head>: metadata, tell the browser about the page itself, not displayed on the webpage.
  • <title></title>: the title of the web page.
  • <body></body>: only content inside the opening and closing body tags can be displayed to the screen.
  • absolute links: linking to other website <a href="URL" target="_blank">text</a> href refers to hyperlink reference, target="_blank" means opening the link in a new tab.
  • relative links: linking to internal path in the same folder <a href="internal path(./contact.html">Contact</a>.
  • turn image into link: <a href="link" target="_blank"><img src="image-location" alt="image despriction"/></a>
  • linking to same page: target <div id="name">, then <a href="#name"></a>, click the link then scroll to the section you target.


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HTML Element Reference